Green Building Certifications
With the increasing impact of global climate change, the importance of the concept of sustainability gains more and more importance every day. In this context, all sectors carry out different practices in order to adapt to climate change and to reduce the effects of climate change. While the construction industry consumes 50% of the raw material obtained from nature, 36% of global energy and 16% of water, it is also responsible for 50% of the generated waste. In the construction sector, the concept of “green building” has been introduced in order to minimize the environmental impacts caused during construction and operation of buildings and to create healthier and more economical structures.
According to the World Green Building Council (WGBC), green buildings “Reducing or eliminating negative effects in their design, construction or operation; They are structures that can have positive effects on our climate and natural environment”.
Various green building certifications have been developed in different countries to increase green building practices. Although there are many green building certification systems, the common purposes of green building certifications in general are to follow the construction processes of the buildings within the framework of the determined criteria and to reduce the environmental impacts during both construction and operation, to increase the building performance and to create healthy and comfortable areas for occupants.
- The BREEAM (Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method) green building certification was created by the Building Research Institute (BRE) in England in 1990.
- LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) was published by the American Green Building Council (USGBC) in 1998.
- Germany’s green building certification DGNB was created in 2009.
- The Green Building Association in Turkey, after making its first publication in 2015 to follow in housing projects, B.E.S.T. certificate issued in 2018.